Wednesday, January 13, 2010

- Metabolic syndrome (Syndrome X).

 Metabolic syndrome
-Def :- It is a combination of medical disorders that increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes (1).

-Synonyms :-syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, Reaven's syndrome or dysmetabolic syndrome.


- How is the metabolic syndrome diagnosed or defined?
The metabolic syndrome be identified by presence of three or more of these components:
  • Elevated waist /hip ratio (i.e Abdominal obesity).
  • Elevated triglycerides:Equal to or greater than 150 mg/dL, or specific treatment for this
    lipid abnormality.
  • Reduced HDL or specific treatment for this lipid abnormality.
  • Elevated blood pressure or treatment of previously diagnosed hypertension.
  • Elevated fasting glucose levels or previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes.
-Prevention:-  life style modification which is considered the first line of prevention.
  • Increased physical activity e.g walking 30 minutes every day (2).
  • Healthy, reduced calorie diet (3).
Return to list of medical syndromes here

(1) MedlinePlus:Metabolic Syndrome.
(2)Lakka TA, Laaksonen DE (2007). "Physical activity in prevention and treatment of the metabolic syndrome". Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquée, nutrition et métabolisme 32 (1): 76–88. doi:10.1139/h06-113.PMID 17332786.
(3)Feldeisen SE, Tucker KL (2007). "Nutritional strategies in the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome". Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 32 (1):46–60. doi:10.1139/h06-101.PMID 17332784


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