Wednesday, May 14, 2008

-What is Anatomy?

-Anatomy: study of structure& shape of the body &
its parts & their relations to one another.

-Physiology: study of body’s function.

-Anatomical studies:

1-Systematic anatomy: studying the various systems of
which the human body is composed which are :

Osteology—the bony system or skeleton.
Syndesmology—the articulations or joints.
Myology—the muscles.
Angiology—the vascular system, comprising the heart,
bloodvessels, lymphatic vessels, and lymph glands.
Neurology—the nervous system.
Splanchnology—the visceral system including :
respiratory system,digestive system,urogenital system,also CVS

2- Topographical or regional anatomy:the organs and tissues
may be studied in relation to one another i.e studied in term of
regions,trunk region(Thorax&abdomen),upper limb,lower limb,
head& neck.

3-Microscpoic anatomy (histology):
study of the minute structure of the various component
parts of the body by using microscope.

study of the human organism in its immature condition,
i. e., the various stages of its intrauterine development.

5-Applied anatomy:
The direct application of the facts

of human anatomy to the various pathological conditions.

6-Surface anatomy:
the appreciation of structures on or

immediately underlying the surface of the body .

7-Functional anatomy:
study relationship between function

&strucuter of the body.

- Structure reflects Function as each part of the body
is designed to perform certain function which adapted to do
that function.

see you,

Dr Ibrahim

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